The elder is a shrub or tree of between 2 and 10 meters high. Its leaves are toothed and give off an unpleasant odor. The flowers are arranged in false umbel with 5 petals, five sepals and five stamens with yellow anthers. The first berries are green and black when ripe. The stem is hollow and fragile, with white pith.
The origin of the elder is located in Central Europe and Western Asia. In ancient times the berries, flowers and bark for its medicinal properties reported in the manuscripts of Pliny the Elder use. The Egyptians used it for skin care, the Romans in teas for constipation. In medieval times it was used as a folk medicine, textile and hair dyes.Utilities:
The elder as edible: The fruits and elder flowers are edible. The first can be prepared in juices, jams, jellies, sauces, soups, etc. Consumed must always ripe, because when greens are toxic. Also seeds, ripe yet are indigestible, so you should not abuse the raw fruit. When cooked becomes harmless.
Beverage: With elderberries can be prepared simply by pressing the fruit juices with a clean cloth. They can also be prepared liquor.
The elderberry as medicine: The elderberry is one of the best sudorifics (promotes sweating) and tonics (purifies the blood helping to eliminate waste). In addition it also has anti-inflammatory diuretic (assists in the process of purification of the blood by eliminating toxins) and (reduces inflammation). It is often used as a tea to treat colds, flus, colds, colds and can also be taken as a preventive measure these conditions. Shaped pad is used to treat skin conditions like eczema and other dermatoses also recommended to relieve hemorrhoids and minor burns. For conjunctivitis, besides using compresses we can also perform eye washes with the infusion of the flowers. The medicinal parts are useful elderberry flowers, fruits, leaves, and the second crust.