ORTIGA (Urtica dioica)

BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

Nettle is a perennial bushy plant, dioica, rough-looking and can reach up to 1.5 m in height. It is characteristic of this plant possessing a stinging hairs which have the form of very small blisters filled with irritant which on contact with the skin produce injury and spill their contents (formic acid, resin, histamine and an unknown protein substance) thereon , causing hives, swelling and itching. This itching is due to the action of formic acid, compound containing a lot. These hairs are very hard and brittle at the tip, so it's enough friction to cause breakage.

Use

The entire plant, depending on the use to which it will allocate collected. It can be used dry or freshly collected. In herbal medicine, naturopathic advised to collect the flowering tops (herba urticae), or just the leaves (folium urticae) of young stems. To bring the collection to fruition, we proceed before flowering, and drying should be carried out as quickly as possible.

Importance

The entire plant, depending on the use to which it will allocate collected. It can be used dry or freshly collected. In herbal medicine, naturopathic advised to collect the flowering tops (herba urticae), or just the leaves (folium urticae) of young stems. To bring the collection to fruition, we proceed before flowering, and drying should be carried out as quickly as possible.